Chicago Immigration Attorneys - H-1B and Other Nonimmigrant Visas and Deemed Export
Generally, technologies subject to the Export Administration Regulations are those which are in the United States or of U.S. origin, in whole or in part. Most are proprietary. Technologies which tend to require licensing for transfer to foreign nationals are also dual-use (i.e., have both civil and military applications) and are subject to one or more control regimes, such as National Security, Nuclear Proliferation, Missile Technology, or Chemical and Biological Warfare.
Some technologies are under the exclusive jurisdiction of another agency of the U.S. government and are not subject to the EAR. These include defense services which are under the jurisdiction of the State Department and technology related to the production of special nuclear materials which is under the jurisdiction of the Energy Department.
Still other technologies do not require any authorization because they are already "publicly available." These include patent applications; publicly available technology and software (other than software and technology controlled as encryption items) that are already published or will be published; technology which arises during or as a result of fundamental research; or technology which is educational.
The employers must check both, the Export Administration Regulations and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations prior to filing a petition for a non-immigrant worker.
Stanford University Lists of Export Controlled Items, Information and Software
U.S. Department of Commerce